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Formal report series, containing results of research and monitoring carried out by Marine Scotland Science

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Modelling of Noise Effects of Operational Offshore Wind Turbines including noise transmission through various foundation types

doi: 
10.7489/1521-1

Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 4 No 5

This report presents modelling of the acoustic output of operational off-shore wind turbines and its dependence on the type of foundation structure used. Three foundation types are examined: jacket, monopile and gravity foundation. The acoustic output from each of these foundation types is then compared to curves representing the hearing and behavioural response of marine species likely to come into contact with off-shore wind farms in Scottish Waters. The marine species examined are minke whales, harbour porpoise, grey seals, harbour seals, bottlenose dolphins, European eels, allis shad, sea trout and Atlantic salmon.

Citation: 
Marmo, B., Roberts, I., Buckingham, M.P., King, S., Booth, C. 2013. Modelling of Noise Effects of Operational Offshore Wind Turbines including noise transmission through various foundation types. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 4 No 5. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 100pp. DOI: 10.7489/1521-1
FieldValue
Publisher
Modified Date
2017-05-09
Release Date
2014-11-17
Identifier
9feaf27c-85ee-49f6-a893-b249379dcd57
License
UK Open Government Licence (OGL)